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LLLI Center for Breastfeeding Information


Selected Bibliography
Updated October 2005

June 2003

Lee SY, Kim MT, Kim SW, Song MS, Yoon SJ. Effect of lifetime lactation on breast cancer risk: a Korean women's cohort study. Int J Cancer . 2003 Jun 20;105(3):390-3.

July 2002

Collaborative Group on Hormonal Factors in Breast Cancer. Breast cancer and breastfeeding: collaborative reanalysis of individual data from 47 epidemiological studies in 30 countries, including 50302 women with breast cancer and 96973 women without the disease. Lancet. 2002 Jul 20;360(9328):187-95.

July 2001

Tryggvadottir L, Tulinius H, Eyfjord JE, Sigurvinsson T. Breastfeeding and reduced risk of breast cancer in an Icelandic cohort study. Am J Epidemiol . 2001 Jul 1;154(1):37-42.

December 2000

Zheng T, Duan L, Liu Y, Zhang B, Wang Y, Chen Y, Zhang Y, Owens PH. Lactation reduces breast cancer risk in Shandong Province , China . Am J Epidemiol . 2000 Dec 15;152(12):1129-35.

August 2000

Romieu I , Hernandez-Avila M , Lazcano-Ponce E , Weber JP , Dewailly E . Breast cancer, lactation history, and serum organochlorines. Am J Epidemiol . 2000 Aug 15;152(4):363-70.

July 1999

Newcomb PA, Egan KM, Titus-Ernstoff L, Trentham-Dietz A, Greenberg ER, Baron JA, Willett WC, Stampfer MJ. Lactation in relation to postmenopausal breast cancer. Am J Epidemiol . 1999 Jul 15;150(2):174-82.

June 1999

Furberg H, Newman B, Moorman P, Millikan R. Lactation and breast cancer risk. Int J Epidemiol. 1999 Jun;28(3):396-402.

April-May 1999

Dettwyler KA. Cutting Breast Cancer Risk: Reason to Breastfeed. Leaven. 1999 Apr-May;35(2):29.

October 1998

Gilliland FD, Hunt WC, Baumgartner KB, Crumley D, Nicholson CS, Fetherolf J, Samet JM. Reproductive risk factors for breast cancer in Hispanic and non-Hispanic white women: the New Mexico Women's Health Study. Am J Epidemiol . 1998 Oct 1;148(7):683-92.

May 1998

Egan KM, Stampfer MJ, Posner BA, et al. Risk factors for breast cancer in women with a breast cancer family history. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 1998 May;7(5):359-64.

March 1998

Jensen RG, Lammi-Keefe CJ, Hill DW, Kind AJ, Henderson R. The anticarcinogenic conjugated fatty acid, 9c, 11t-18:2, in human milk: confirmation of its presence. J Hum Lact . 1998 Mar;14(1):23-7.


Enger SM, Ross RK, Henderson B, Bernstein L. Breastfeeding history, pregnancy experience and risk of breast cancer. Br J Cancer. 1997;76(1):118-23.


Epstein ES, et al. The Breast Cancer Prevention Program. Chapter 2: Estrogen: the Common Link. New York : Macmillan, 1997.

December 1997

Freudenheim JL, Marshall JR, Vena JE, Moysich KB, Muti P, Laughlin R, Nemoto T, Graham S. Lactation history and breast cancer risk. Am J Epidemiol. 1997 Dec;146(11):932-8.

September 1997

Lopez-Carrillo L , Blair A , Lopez-Cervantes M , Cebrian M , Rueda C , Reyes R , Mohar A , Bravo J . Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane serum levels and breast cancer risk: a case-control study from Mexico. Cancer Res . 1997 Sep 1;57(17):3728-32.


McCoshen JA, et al. Prolactin, parity, the fetus, and breast cancer. J SOGC. 1996;18(8):787-93.


Newton, ER. Does breastfeeding protect women from breast cancer? ABM News and Views. 1996;2(2):1,4,12.

July-August 1996

Michels KB, Willett WC, Rosner BA, Manson JE, Hunter DJ, Colditz GA, Hankinson SE, Speizer FE. Prospective assessment of breastfeeding and breast cancer incidence among 89,887 women. Lancet. 1996 Feb 17;347(8999):431-6.

March 1996

Katsouyanni K, Lipworth L, Trichopoulou A, Samoli E, Stuver S, Trichopoulos D. A case-control study of lactation and cancer of the breast. Br J Cancer . 1996 Mar;73(6):814-8.

March 1996

Romieu I , Hernandez-Avila M , Lazcano E , Lopez L , Romero-Jaime R . Breast cancer and lactation history in Mexican women. Am J Epidemiol . 1996 Mar 15;143(6):543-52.

August 1995

Murrell TG. The potential for oxytocin (OT) to prevent breast cancer: a hypothesis. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 1995 Aug;35(2):225-9.

July 1995

Millikan R, DeVoto E, Newman B, Savitz D. Studying environmental influences and breast cancer risk: suggestions for an integrated population-based approach. Breast Cancer Res Treat . 1995 Jul;35(1):79-89.

May 1995

Brinton LA, Potischman NA, Swanson CA, et al. Breastfeeding and breast cancer risk. Cancer Causes Control. 1995 May;6(3):199-208.

February 1995

Hirose K, Tajima K, Hamajima N, Inoue M, Takezaki T, Kuroishi T, Yoshida M, Tokudome S. A large-scale, hospital-based case-control study of risk factors of breast cancer according to menopausal status. Jpn J Cancer Res . 1995 Feb;86(2):146-54.

May 1994

Freudenheim JL, Marshall JR, Graham S, Laughlin R, Vena JE, Bandera E, Muti P, Swanson M, Nemoto T. E xposure to breastmilk in infancy and the risk of breast cancer. Epidemiology. 1994 May;5(3):324-31.

January 1994

Newcomb PA, Storer BE, Longnecker MP, Mittendorf R, Greenberg ER, Clapp RW, Burke KP, Willett WC, MacMahon B. Lactation and a reduced risk of premenopausal breast cancer. N Engl J Med . 1994 Jan 13;330(2):81-7.

December 1993

Yang CP, Weiss NS, Band PR, Gallagher RP, White E, Daling JR. History of lactation and breast cancer risk. Am J Epidemiol . 1993 Dec 15;138(12):1050-6.

August 1993

Thomas DB, Noonan EA. Breast cancer and prolonged lactation. The WHO Collaborative Study of Neoplasia and Steroid Contraceptives. Int J Epidemiol . 1993 Aug;22(4):619-26.

July 1993

Breast feeding and risk of breast cancer in young women. United Kingdom National Case –Control Study Group. BMJ. 1993 Jul 3;307(6895):17-20.

April 1993

Wolff MS, Toniolo PG, Lee EW, Rivera M, Dubin N. Blood levels of organochlorine residues and risk of breast cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst . 1993 Apr 21;85(8):648-52.

September-October 1992

Wang QS, Ross RK, Yu MC, Ning JP, Henderson BE, Kimm HT. A case-control study of breast cancer in Tianjin , China . Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev . 1992 Sep-Oct;1(6):435-9.

April 1992

Yoo KY, Tajima K, Kuroishi T, Hirose K, Yoshida M, Miura S, Murai H. Independent protective effect of lactation against breast cancer: a case-control study in Japan . Am J Epidemiol . 1992 Apr 1;135(7):726-33.

March-April 1992

Falck F Jr, Ricci A Jr, Wolff MS, Godbold J, Deckers P. Pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyl residues in human breast lipids and their relation to breast cancer. Arch Environ Health. 1992 Mar-Apr;47(2):143-6.

February 1992

Reuter KL, Baker SP, Krolikowski FJ. Risk factors for breast cancer in women undergoing mammography. AJR Am J Roentgenol . 1992 Feb;158(2):273-8.

March 1990

Patton S, Canfield LM, Huston GE, Ferris AM, Jensen RG. Carotenoids of human colostrum. Lipids. 1990 Mar;25(3):159-65.


Layde PM, Webster LA, Baughman AL, Wingo PA, Rubin GL, Ory HW. The independent associations of parity, age at first full term pregnancy, and duration of breastfeeding with the risk of breast cancer. Cancer and Steroid Hormone Study Group. J Clin Epidemiol . 1989;42(10):963-73.

August 1989

Siskind V, Schofield F, Rice D, Bain C. Breast cancer and breastfeeding: results from an Australian case-control study. Am J Epidemiol . 1989 Aug;130(2):229-36.

October 1988

Tao SC, Yu MC, Ross RK, Xiu KW. Risk factors for breast cancer in Chinese women of Beijing . Int J Cancer . 1988 Oct 15;42(4):495-8.

April 1988

Yuan JM, Yu MC, Ross RK, Gao YT, Henderson BE. Risk factors for breast cancer in Chinese women in Shanghai . Cancer Res . 1988 Apr 1;48(7):1949-53.

September 1986

McTiernan A, Thomas DB. Evidence for a protective effect of lactation on risk of breast cancer in young women. Results from a case-control study. Am J Epidemiol . 1986 Sep;124(3):353-8.

May 1985

Byers T, Graham S, Rzepka T, Marshall J. Lactation and breast cancer. Evidence for a negative association in premenopausal women. Am J Epidemiol. 1985 May;121(5):664-74.

July 1979

Vorherr H. Pregnancy and lactation in relation to breast cancer risk. Semin Perinatol . 1979 Jul;3(3):299-311.

February 1978

Vorherr H, Messer RH. Breast cancer: potentially predisposing and protecting factors. Role of pregnancy, lactation, and endocrine status. Am J Obstet Gynecol . 1978 Feb 1;130(3):335-58.

July 1977

Ing R, Petrakis NL, Ho JH. Unilateral breast-feeding and breast cancer. Lancet . 1977 Jul 16;2(8029):124-7.

January-February 1977

Malhotra SL. A study of cancer of the breast with special reference to its causation and prevention.
Med Hypotheses. 1977 Jan-Feb;3(1):21-4.

March 1975

Anderson JD. Breast feeding and breast cancer. S Afr Med J. 1975 Mar 22;49(13):479-82.

April 1964

Levin ML, Sheehe PR, Graham S, Glidewell O. Lactation and menstrual function as related to cancer of the breast. Am J Public Health Nations Health. 1964 Apr;54:580-7.

Page last edited .

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